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The blood sugar level in our body indicates the amount of glucose in the blood, which is a type of sugar which is the main energy source for the body. Most often we consume glucose through food, therefore it is being distributed to all cells throughout our body. Likewise, high blood glucose (blood sugar), or hyperglycemia, occurs when the body cannot use glucose properly ( type2 diabetes), or it has insufficient amounts of it (type 1 diabetes).If this condition lasts longer, for instance, for months and years, it can permanently damage several body parts, including the kidneys, blood vessels, nerves, and eyes.

In diabetics, due to various different factors, the blood sugar levels can be increased. The factors are following:

  • an illness, like a common cold
  • dehydration
  • overeating, such as snacking between meals
  • certain medicines, like steroid medication
  • over-treating an episode of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • missing a dose or taking a wrong dose of the diabetes medication
  • a lack of exercise
  • stress

In addition, children and young adults may also experience occasional episodes of hyperglycemia during growth spurts.

High blood sugar symptoms

If you have increased blood sugar levels do not necessarily mean that you have diabetes, as high blood sugar is a symptom of diabetes. Even though in some cases, people with hyperglycemia, do not experience any signs of the condition.

Namely, these are the most common symptoms of high blood sugar:

  • Recurrent infections
  • Slow healing of cuts and wounds
  • Stomach problems
  • Constant fatigue or extreme tiredness
  • Increased thirst
  • Dry and itchy skin
  • Constant hunger
  • Excess abdominal fat/weight gain
  • Nerve problems
  • Frequent urination and/or urination during the night
  • Blurred vision
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Dry mouth
  • Impotence

Reduce Blood Sugar Levels with Glycemic Food

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High-GI ingredients are processed much faster than low-GI foods, so the consumption of the latter will reduce insulin levels. Furthermore, those foods are also beneficial for losing extra weight .Namely,the Glycemic Index or simple GI indicates a number of carbs in foods which increase blood sugar levels, and it can vary from 0 to 100.

The following list includes foods together with their glycemic index:

Low GI foods

(Foods with a GI between 0 and 54 are considered low Gi foods. You should consume them on a daily basis. )

  • One cup of butter beans – 34
  • 8 ounces of tomato juice – 38
  • One mid-sized apple – 38
  • One cup of spaghetti – 42
  • One cup of green grapes – 46
  • Eight ounces of pineapple juice – 46
  • One large carrot – 47
  • One medium orange – 48
  • One large grapefruit – 50
  • One large banana – 52
  • One cup of peas – 54
  • One egg – 0
  • One cup of hummus equals – 6
  • One cup of broccoli – 10
  • One mid-sized yellow onion – 10
  • One cup of walnuts – 15
  • One cup of cherries – 22
  • One cup of cashew nuts – 22
  • One cup of yogurt – 23
  • One Turkey sausage – 28
  • One cup of kidney beans – 31

Moderate GI foods

( Foods that have Gi between 55 and 69 are considered to be moderate GI foods, so you should consume them in moderate amounts)

  • One cup of brown rice – 55
  • One tablespoon of raw honey – 55
  • One cup of oatmeal – 58
  • One cup of regular white rice – 64
  • One serving of macaroni and cheese – 64

High GI foods

(High Gi foods are between 70 and 100 on the scale, and their regular consumption causes various severe health problems. Hence, it is highly recommended to avoid these foods)

  • One rice cake – 78
  • One mid-sized baked potato – 85
  • One serving of corn flakes – 92
  • 50 grams of glucose – 100
  • One slice of regular white bread – 70
  • 2 cups of popcorn – 72
  • One doughnut (glazed) – 76

As we all know our diet dramatically affects our general health, especially blood sugar levels. So, in any case you experience these symptoms of hyperglycemia, you should make some dietary changes and try to naturally maintain a healthy balance, before it  becomes dangerous and causes further complications.

 

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The blood sugar level in our body indicates the amount of glucose in the blood, which is a type of sugar which is the main energy source for the body. Most often we consume glucose through food, therefore it is being distributed to all cells throughout our body. Likewise,...